How Is Biodiesel Produced?

     How Is Biodiesel Made?
Biodiesel is a clean burning substitute for petroleum based diesel fuel. Biodiesel is made of vegetable oil. Most modern diesel burning engines can use Biodiesel with few or no modifications. Biodiesel is making inroads at the gas pump too where it can be found more and more as an option when it's time to fill up the tank. But, how is Biodiesel made

How to make biodiesel


To make, or manufacture, Biodiesel you must first start with raw materials. The raw materials needed in the production of Biodiesel are a small amount of Methanol and a ready supply of vegetable product. One of the most common vegetables used in the production of Biodiesel is corn, although depending on the geographic location of the manufacturing facility many other plants are used as well (rapeseed, soybeans, flaxseed, etc.). The first step is to use the raw vegetable product to make vegetable oil. Vegetable oil by itself will not be what you need to power a car, from here it has to be processed into Biodiesel.
The process for converting vegetable oil into Biodiesel is occasionally known as ester interchange. To total this procedure the vegetable oil has to be combined having a smaller quantity of Methanol after which place within the presence of a little quantity of an alkaline catalyst (for instance, .5% to 1% sodium hydroxide). Vegetable oil is produced up of so-called triglycerides, which is really a compound from the trivalent alcohol glycerin with 3 fatty acids. The objective of ester interchange would be to separate, or detach the glycerin molecule from the 3 fatty acids and replace it with 3 methanol molecules. This procedure then yields roughly 90% Biodiesel and 10% of a glycerin byproduct. The glycerin byproduct could be utilized inside a quantity of other chemical processes for various industries. You will find also research becoming carried out to determine if the glycerin byproduct, because it's vegetable based, could be utilized as feed for animals. This makes the production of Biodiesel create practically no waste goods whatsoever.
The production of Biodiesel is carried out inside a big manufacturing facility like these becoming constructed about the globe to make the most of this fairly new fuel supply. These facilities are constructed a lot like their oil refinery cousins using the intent of placing out hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of gallons of fuel. In contrast to the manufacturing procedure of regular mineral based fuel, Biodiesel may also be manufactured in smaller house or farm units, or kits. The procedure remains exactly the same but on a a lot smaller scale. There's also the choice of generating Biodiesel at house from utilized vegetable oil gathered from restaurants and delis. To accomplish this the oil initial has to go via an additional procedure to clean it of any impurities.
Among the primary advantages of Biodiesel is the fact that it burns cleaner than regular mineral based fuel. An extra advantage is the fact that it also pollutes much less throughout the procedure of generating Biodiesel than it does throughout the manufacture of regular mineral based fuel like diesel and gasoline. Cleaner to burn and cleaner to create, Biodiesel is really a viable option power supply.

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Posted on 2011-05-03, By: *

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